refusal to obey <the orphan was harshly disciplined for her chronic frowardness>
Synonyms balkiness, contrariness, contumacy, defiance,frowardness, insubordination, intractability, obstreperousness,rebellion, rebelliousness, recalcitrance, refractoriness,unruliness, waywardness, willfulness
Related Words civil disobedience, noncooperation;discourteousness, disrespect, impertinence, impoliteness,impudence, inconsiderateness, inconsideration, insolence,rudeness, ungraciousness; doggedness, hardheadedness,mulishness, obduracy, obdurateness, obstinacy,obstinateness, peevishness, pertinaciousness, pertinacity,perversity, pigheadedness, self-will, stubbornness,tenaciousness, tenacity; knavery, mischievousness,naughtiness
Near Antonyms agreeability, amenability, amiability;slavishness, submissiveness, subservience, subserviency;trainability; deference, docility, dutifulness
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